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IMPACT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE BUSINESS ENTERPRISES AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA

 Format: MS-WORD   Chapters: 1-5

 Pages: 70   Attributes: COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH

 Amount: 3,000

 Feb 19, 2020 |  10:59 pm |  1235

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Small and medium scale Business Enterprises in Nigeria economic growth cannot be over emphasized as entrepreneurship is indispensable catalyst for the sustenance of the economy in Nigeria as a whole.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) have played and continue to play significant roles in the growth, development and industrialization of many economies the world over. In the case of Nigeria, SMEs have performed below expectation due to a combination of problems which ranges from attitude and habits of SMEs themselves through environmental related factors, instability of governments and frequent government policy changes and somersaults (Suleiman, 2005).

Obadan, (1997) highlights the top ten problem areas of SMEs in Nigeria in decreasing order of intensity include: management, access to finance, infrastructure, government policy inconsistencies and bureaucracy, environmental factors, multiple taxes and levies, access to modern technology, unfair competition, marketing problems and non-availability of raw materials locally. Thus managerial problems represent the greatest problem facing SMEs in Nigeria while non-availability of raw materials locally is the least problem.

Interest in the role of small and medium scale enterprises in the development process continues to be in the forefront of policy debates in developing countries (Olorunshola, 2003). The advantages claimed for small scale enterprises are various, including : the encouragement of entrepreneurship; the greater like hood that small scale enterprises will utilize labour intensive technologies and thus have an immediate impact on employment generation; they can usually be established rapidly and put into operation to produce quick returns; small scale enterprises development can encourage the process of both inter-and intra-regional decentralization; and they may well become a countervailing force against  the economic power of large enterprises. More generally the development of small and medium scale enterprises is seen as accelerating the achievement of wider economic and socio-economic objectives, including poverty alleviation.

The role of finance has been viewed as a critical element for the development of small and medium scale industries. Previous study have highlighted the limited access to financial sources available to small enterprises compared to large organizations and the consequences for their growth and development (Uduchukwu, 2003).

Typically, small enterprises face higher transactions cost than large enterprises in obtaining credit (Olorunshola, 2003). Poor management and accounting practices have hampered the ability of small enterprises to raise finance. Information asymmetries associated with lending to small scale borrowers have restricted the flow of finance to small enterprises. In spite of these claims however, some studies show a large number of small enterprises fail because of non-financial reasons.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

The statement of problems in this research investigation is to evaluate the challenges of small and medium business enterprises and economic growth of Nigeria. Generally, because of problem of underdevelopment of entrepreneurship and small scale in Nigeria, a lot of noble business ideas have been killed.

Market Trends: A major growth factor is being able to identity and meets market gaps. The Nigerian SMEs ability to identify market gaps has often been in doubt. Furthermore, it is a way of identifying a gap in these sectors proper assessment of the market potential and dynamics that is necessary for a proper value proposition, which will help them to avoid investing wrongly. Failure to plan against future market trends, lack of resourceful research and other areas where small scale business is deficient in productions. The lack of adequate knowledge might make a business manager loose a good business opportunity, and the ability to tap into other grounds or market to make more profit.

Political instability: This does not encourage an investor to invest in the economy and even if he has invested, he might decide to fold up due to the prevailing hostile economic climate.

Inappropriate managerial skills: due to lack of enough capital or sheer ignorance of technological advances, entrepreneurs tend to purchase obsolete and inefficient equipment thereby setting the state ab initio, which bring about lower  level of productivity and poor product quality. It all results in huge consequences on product output and market acceptability. The key ones include inadequate infrastructural facilities (road, water, electricity etc) insecurity of lives and property, inconsistent monetary, fiscal and industrial policies.

Limited access to market, multiple taxation and levies, lack of modern technology for processing and reserving products, policy reversals, capacity limitation, data inadequacies, harsh operating environment, fragile ownership base, fragile capital base. While some the challenges that SMEs face are induced by the operating environment (government policies, globalization effects, financial institutions, local government policies, attitude to work) etc other challenges are driven by the inherent characteristic of the SMEs themselves.    

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

This research work is guided by the following research questions:

(i)                   How effective has the small and medium enterprises lead to the growth of Nigerian economy.

(ii)                  What is the mode of operations adopted under in the enterprises

(iii)                What are the major constraints hindering the activities of the small and medium enterprises in Nigeria?

(iv)                 How can the performance of the small and medium enterprises could be improved?

 

1.4 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main objective of the study is to review the challenges of small and medium business enterprises and economic growth in Nigeria. In so doing, the researcher intends giving an in depth information and analysis on the operations and activities of Eugene De Rose Industry and Vono Product Plc. In view of the above, the researcher intends to find out the following,

(i)                   To evaluate the performance of the small medium enterprises toward the economic growth in Nigeria.

(ii)                  To examine the mode of operation of the enterprises in terms of growing the economy.

(iii)                To identify the major constraints hindering the operations of the enterprises.

(iv)                 To make suggestion as to how the performance of the small and medium enterprise could be improved.

1.5 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

The hypothesis is tested in the course of the study is stated below:

Ho: There is no significant correlation between SMEs and economic growth of Nigeria.

Hi: There is a significant correlation between SMEs and economic growth of Nigeria.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is to demonstrate that small and medium enterprises play a vital role in the growth of Nigerian economy and the success of organization. Apart from small and medium enterprises has an impact on organizational performance.

Hoselitz (2002) says the perceived self-efficiency of enterprises has been proven to affect the strategies and performance of their business. It also developed to the creation of new organization of the country. Vital decision making organizations are solely depend on the different behaviours of the entrepreneurs in such organizations. It also aids and decides how the organizational goals are accomplished. In conclusion small and medium enterprise ill terms of the performance determine the growth rate of a particular country.

1.7    SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study being the challenges of small and medium business enterprises and economic growth of Nigeria is taking Eugene De Rose Industry and Vono Products Plc as case studies. However, the workers of the duo organizations would be covered.

1.8    LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Synonymous with normal research work, this project will be limited by time which is the greatest enemy of human race is a major constraint to this project therefore makes it impossible to carry out an exhaustive research work on the topic. It also leads to inadequate detailed analysis of the topic.

Finance; due to the capital outlay that is normally involved in any research, and the limited supply of funds, this also constitutes a constraint.

Availability of materials; it is a known fact that most research work thrives on the availability of secondary data. The inadequacy of such materials for this work necessitates my being confirmed to available literature in the libraries visited.

Other limitations identified include the financial involvement, market trends, political instability, inaccessibility of respondents, lack of basic statistics etc.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Business Enterprise: This is the activity of providing goods and services involving financial, commercial and industrial aspect.

Small Enterprise: An enterprise whose total cost including working capital but excluding cost of land is between ten million naira (10,000,000) and one hundred million naira (10,000,000) and one hundred million naira (100,000,000) a workforce between eleven (11) and seventy (70) full time staff with a turnover not more than ten million naira (10,000,000) in a year.

Medium Enterprise: A company with total cost including working capital but excluding cost of land or more than one hundred million naira (100,000,000) but less than three hundred million naira (300,000,000) a staff strength of between seventy on (71) and two hundred (200) full time workers with an annul turnover of nor more than twenty million naira (20,000,000) only.

Large Enterprise: Any enterprises whose total cost including working capital but excluding cost of land is above three hundred million naira (300,000,000) a labour force of over two hundred (200) worker  an annual turnover of more than twenty million naira (20,000,000) only.

Entrepreneur: He is an innovative individual who perceives business ideas and put resources together to exploit these ideas profitably in business.

Business: This consists of activities, interactions, sentiments and performance individual or groups.

Financing: It implies money as a support for an undertaking to facilitate small scale business.

Industries: There are different types of business units which varies between agricultural, construction and manufacturing.

Economy: This is the relationship between production trade and supply of money in a given economy.

Economy Growth: It is an increase in the capacity of an economy to produce goods and services compared to the period of time to another.

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