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Pages: 55 Attributes: STANDARD RESEARCH
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of indiscipline on academic performance among some selected public Junior Secondary School Students. The research design used was survey design using eight public Junior Secondary Schools in Amuwo Odofin Local Government of Lagos State with random sampling of 100 teachers.
A questionnaire titled “Students Indiscipline Acts” was administered to the 100 teachers to respond to 24 items questionnaires. The questionnaires were analysed using frequency count and mean and the result of the findings showed that there are some prevailing acts of indiscipline among Junior Secondary School students which include late coming to school, negligence of assignment, bulling with physical and verbal aggression, improper dressings.
Factors such as parents’ attitude, government policies and students’ peer group were identified to contribute greatly to the acts of indiscipline while teachers’ factors contribute less to the acts. These factors of indiscipline have been identified to have negative impacts on the academic achievement of Junior Secondary School students.
Among others, it is recommended that each school should have a functioning disciplinary committee that will see to all cases of acts of indiscipline among the students and should be headed by a trained guidance counsellor.
1.1 Background to the Study
Act of indiscipline in secondary school has continue to be an issue of concern. Students’ indiscipline seems to be ubiquitous in the 21st century in secondary schools in Nigeria. With recent problem of increase in school enrolment, discipline problems are bound to accentuate and cause more burdens on teachers and school administration. Indiscipline has become a real problem in schools these last twenty years. Unfortunately, it seemed to fall in proportion to the recognition of children’s rights. There was a need to upgrade children’s rights to the 21st century standards, but unfortunately, the Nationalist government never thought about matching this increase with a radical reform of school discipline.
According to Yara P.O (2012) student discipline means that students are provided with an opportunity to exercise self control to solve school problems, to learn and to promote the welfare of the school. According to Kasozi (1997) sited in Yara P.O (2012) said discipline refers to a situation of remaining inside legal bounds of law as laid down by the school administration. He further described discipline as the action by management to enforce organizational standards. He stresses that all members of educational organization are required to strictly adhere to the various behavioural patterns necessary for maximum performance. In support of this, Abubakar (2000) described it as the ability and willingness to do what one ought to do without external control. Hence one can say discipline is internally motivated within the individual. Bailey (2000) looks at indiscipline as any of a multiplicity of categories of behaviours whether overt or hidden, that interferes with or disrupts the learning process, causes harm/hurt to others, prevents learning, or is an unacceptable social behavior. Acts of defiance towards authority are also acts of indiscipline.
Aguba (2009) while emphasizing Douglas McGregor’s theory x, maintained that discipline is externally induced in individuals who do not succumb to established rules and regulations out of personal volition but out of fear of punishment or sanction. Sekamwa (2000) in agreement with Musaazi adds that discipline is the development of self worth, self control, respect for self and others and the adherence to the school routine set up in terms of schedules and school regulations. Chaube (2000) contends that an opinion may be formed about the school by observing the discipline among students. It is necessary for every school to enforce certain rules of conduct to ensure discipline is essential if rules are to be implemented. It is necessary for every school to enforce certain rules of conduct to ensure discipline is essential if rules are to be implemented. It is very important for school authorities to give freedom to the students to develop the self esteem and exercise self control. There are many school authorities who use this approach to enforce discipline in schools. It is our considered opinion that this method could be effective for post secondary school students and may not be appropriate for secondary school students. It is very important for school authorities to give freedom to the students to develop the self esteem and exercise self control. There are many school authorities who use this approach to enforce discipline in schools. It is our considered opinion that this method could be effective for post secondary school students and may not be appropriate for secondary school students.
Children’s rights correctly eliminated certain types of physical punishment with more humane forms of discipline, but educational discipline was forgotten and this state of affairs remained unchanged with the implementation of the new Educational Framework that does not discuss discipline. Another problem was the school-leaving certificate that for decades could not be used as a lever to control certain student’s problematic behaviour and is only being reformed now.
Successive Nationalist administrations fed this mismatch to the extent that the local education system was bereft of any effective way to discipline problem students keeping in mind that classes also have students with special needs, some also displayed problematic behaviours. According to Zubaida (2009) and Eyinade (1999), a number of these acts of indiscipline were directed against constituted authorities and established rules. An example of this is refusal to wear the right school uniform and going out of bounds without permission. The respect which teachers command among students had been seriously worn-off. And some teachers have not done much to help the situation by their actions. This problem has turned to a national issue. Our leaders in the past have tried to remedy this situation but the problem proved not to be solved. Studies have also shown that early onset of discipline problems in school children predicts later maladjustment. Thus, children who engage in antisocial behaviours at a young age are more likely than their non-aggressive peers to respond similarly when older and as adults. The concern about student discipline has produced many intervention and prevention-focused programs to improve character and moral development, promote exemplary social skills, reduce antisocial behaviours, and strengthen academic competencies. Unfortunately, many of these programs have conceptual limitations and were publicized without supporting empirical data, or had minimal to no positive effects when evaluated objectively through randomized controlled trials.
One of the cardinal objectives of Education as spelt out in the National Policy on Education (2004) revised, is to inculcate right type of values and attitudes for the survival of the individual and Nigerian society. Onyije & Ojedapo (2010) identify some factors that cause indiscipline among students such as government nonchalant attitudes to education, parental factors and teachers’ attitude.
Jara P.O (2012) asserted that many students attending public schools exhibit discipline problems such as disruptive classroom behaviour, vandalism, bullying, and violence. Establishing effective discipline practices is critical to ensure academic success and to provide a safe learning environment. Large schools are more difficult to control than smaller ones. Moreover junior secondary school have more population than the senior school. They have many more nooks and crannies were students can hide and make mischief. They need many more teachers to supervise them. So lumping all class forms together leads to a greater incidence of bullying especially from higher forms towards younger students. Smaller schools are easier to patrol and need less staff for supervision. Why these advantages were not taken into consideration is a mystery?
There are situation, when the principal in a secondary school cannot enforce discipline so therefore pose a big problem of implementing some education policy that will help the students to attain their career goals in school .
If the head is soft, discipline usually suffers and many teachers are not given the backing they need to control problematic students in their classes. These are not easy problems to solve and the Nationalist government’s biggest failure is the emphasis on building massive schools rather than delving deep into the myriad of problems that plague our schools and offering solutions that surely cost much less than constructing such monstrosities.
The new two-tiered school-leaving certificate is a start, but in depressed and socially-depraved areas where many children come from broken families and socially challenging situations; more radical solutions are needed.
The authorities must remember that students attend school for six hours a day and go back home to the social environment they have been raised in. If such an environment is a negative one, all the teacher’s work will be unravelled in a few hours. This means that the discipline problem must also target parents, some of whom are even wilder than their children.
In order to curb these acts of indiscipline, various measures such as punishment, scouts and guides youth services, praise for good behaviour, relevant and clear guidelines for teacher behaviour have been suggested by several scholars (Bedding 2006).
1.2 Statement of Problem
Antisocial behaviour, academic underachievement, and poor development of pro-social skills among students attending most of our nation's public schools remain a concern for educators, parents and government. This so called act of indiscipline among secondary school students has become so rampant to the point that it has raised panic among educators, administrators, parents, the government and the society. The rate at which students are engaging in different vices is breath taking. Many measures have been applied in recent past by government and school administrators in the bid to check the occurrence of indiscipline. However, the worry is that despite all stern measures the rate of indiscipline among students is on the increase. Measures have not adequately addressed the situation. The danger is that if the trends continue, the objectives of the secondary school education may be an illusion. Some of the disciplinary acts exhibited by secondary school students are examination malpractices, rape, cultism, forging of certificates, impersonation. These research work is aimed to look at the impact of indiscipline among students in public secondary schools in Amuwo Odofin local government of Lagos State.
1.3 Purpose of Study
The aim of the study is to investigate:
i. The prevailing act of indiscipline among secondary school students
ii. Parents’ attitude towards their children contributes to indiscipline among secondary school students.
iii. Teachers’ attitude towards the students contributes to indiscipline among secondary school students.
iv. Government activities contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students.
v. Peer-group influence contributes to indiscipline among secondary school students.
vi. Effect of indiscipline to the school and the society
vii. Solution to the problem indiscipline among secondary school students
1.4 Research Questions
Attempt will be made to profer convincing solutions to the following questions below:
i. What are the prevailing acts of indiscipline among Junior Secondary School students?
ii. How are the parents/home contribution towards the act of indiscipline affect academic performance of students?
iii. How are the teachers’ contribution towards the act of indiscipline affect academic performance of students government contribution towards the act of indiscipline?
iv. How are the government contribution towards the act of indiscipline affect academic performance of students?
v. How are the peer group contribution towards the act of indiscipline affect academic performance of students?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The finding of the study will give an insight into some of the reasons why students in junior secondary school behave unruly without courtesy and also will help in getting at the root causes of indiscipline among the secondary school students with a view to finding coming up with concrete solutions. It will as well exposes the behaviours of parents, teachers and peer group that either directly or indirectly contribute to the students’ indiscipline. It will also reveal the stand of the school and government on the issue of indiscipline in secondary school. The data collected in selected public secondary schools in Amuwo Odofin local government of Lagos State can be applied in policy formulation processes for the progress of education in the state.
1.6 Scope of the Study
Due to the vast nature of Lagos State, five junior secondary schools under Lagos State Educational District V, in Amuwo Odofin local government area have been selected as schools that will respond to the questionnaires.
1.7 Operational Definition of Term
Factors: Any of the things that cause or influence something which could economics, religious, political, environment etc.
Influencing: To have power in affecting somebody actions or character or belief by providing an example for them to follow through winning their admiration or making them afraid to disagree.
Indiscipline: This refer to misbehaviour or deviance or any form of behaviour that show disobedience to authority and failure to follow set rules of conduct
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